With aging, the skin becomes thinner, drier, and less elastic or firm due to both intrinsic and extrinsic factors. Signs like facial wrinkling, expression lines and drier, more sensitive skin may be due to intrinsic (uncontrollable) aging. Extrinsic aging may involve more controllable factors such as sun exposure and pollutants that damage the skin’s structure, resulting in hyperpigmentation, lines and wrinkles, and skin growths. Research has shown extrinsic factors to be responsible for 90% of the visible signs of aging.
You will start to notice fine lines appearing around the eyes, forehead and mouth. Frequent facial expressions like squinting, smiling and frowning can contribute. If care is not taken, these fine lines can develop to become deep furrows also known as wrinkles.
Deep vertical lines around the mouth.
You can see this as lipstick bleeds into those lines. Smoking or sun damage or genetics may be culprits. Lips also lose its youthful plumpness and thin with age as supply of collagen weakens.
Ways To Reduce Premature Aging
Whether spending a day outdoors or running errands, sun protection is essential. Wear protective clothing, apply sunscreen with broad-spectrum of SPF 30 (or higher), and include environmental blockers that protect your skin from Blue Light and pollutants.
Reduce repetitive facial expressions
Every facial expression requires a contraction of the underlying muscles. Frequent repetitions of these muscle contractions over time can lead to permanent lines. Smile more, frown less!
Eat a healthy, well-balanced diet
Studies suggest that eating plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables that contain lots of antioxidants can help to prevent damage that leads to premature skin aging. Reduce the intake of sugar or other refined carbohydrates that can accelerate aging.
Moderate exercise aids blood circulation and boost the immune system. This, in turn, may give the skin a more energized and youthful appearance.
Cleanse your skin
Daily cleansing helps to remove excess sebum, dirt and other pollutants that accumulate on our skin. However, over-cleansing and scrubbing your skin can cause irritation. Wash your face twice a day and after heavy sweating because perspiration can irritate the skin.
When trying to correct signs of aging with use of skincare products, it is important to remember to treat as well as prevent future damage from occurring.
Prescriptive vitamin A acid (tretinoin [Retin A, Renova]) has been known to treat aging skin and fine lines most successfully. Side effects include redness and peeling, but discomfort can be minimized by lowering the concentration of retinoid cream or reduce usage.
Ingredients like alpha-hydroxy or fruit acids including glycolic and lactic acid are also quite safe and cause no more than mild and temporary irritation but only subtle improvements may be expected.
Over-the-counter anti-wrinkle treatment serums and creams like IDS Skincare A-Plus, Rejuvenating Complex, and Rejuvenating Complex Plus are specially formulated to visibly reduce aging concerns like fine lines and wrinkles.
Injection of botulinum toxin can freeze facial muscles, causing fine lines, creases and deep wrinkles on the forehead, around the eyes and mouth to relax. You will also find that your face appears younger as a result. Improvement generally lasts several months, and repeated injections are recommended to sustain improvement.
Medical professionals may also recommend injectable fillers to help increase volume and smoothen wrinkles and folds. Filler substances include Hyaluronic Acid (Restylane and Juvederm), Calcium Hydroxylapatite (Radiesse), and Lactic Acid (Sculptra). Popular injectable options include Rejuran Healer and Skin Boosters IE Volite.
Light Based Therapies:
Carbon dioxide and erbium lasers are used to help stimulate the body's natural collagen production and in turn plump up sagging skin and wrinkles. Repeated procedures may be required to maximize improvement. Skin takes a long time to heal after resurfacing.
Newer lasers attempt to stimulate collagen synthesis under the skin without damaging the epidermis. Studies and clinical experiences suggest that such procedures soften fine lines and refine the skin, though not as much as laser resurfacing. These procedures are almost painless with little side effects and no downtime. Several treatments may be necessary.
Intra-oral Laser Rejuvenation
A non-ablative Er:YAG laser of wavelength 2940nm will be fired intra-orally (into the inner sides of your mouth) using a completely safe handheld device to target the sides of your cheeks, as well as the inner corners of your lower and upper lips. This controlled and gentle bulk heating from the inside of your mouth stimulates collagen contraction for overall improvement of skin tautness and elasticity.
Non Light-based Treatments:
High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is a one-time skin-firming treatment with results lasting one to two years depending on your skin condition. This non-surgical procedure reaches the deeper dermis, papillary dermis as well as SMAS (Superficial Muscular Aponeurotic System) layer under the fat which is the layer worked on when surgical facelift techniques are employed. Expect some immediate and progressive improvement to the treated area for three to six months after the treatment. This ongoing improvement is due to the ultrasound energy triggering the skin to rejuvenate itself at the collagen-producing layer.
Fractional Radiofrequency Microneedling
When fractional radiofrequency (RF) combines with microneedling, the RF heat penetrates much deeper, leaving the upper skin layer cool. RF technology causes old collagen and elastin fibres to break down in a controlled manner, while microneedling is a procedure using tiny needles to create punctures in the top layer of skin to stimulate healing and cell regeneration.
Within a few hours any redness will generally have subsided. Sun exposure should be avoided for at least one week. Noticeable results are usually visible after two weeks, with improved results over the following three months.